Essays to write a literature review about
Selected Links to Resources on Writing a Literature Review Step 1: Review APA guidelines Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.
However, you deview pick any scholarly topic. Identify the literature that you will review: Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members. Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing essays to write a literature review about search: Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field.
What are you searching the literature to discover? You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article. What research question s are you asking? Text should be written in a clear and concise academic style; litfrature should not be descriptive in nature or use the language of everyday speech.
You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in check this out document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic wssays needed: Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for essajs literature reviews that have already continue reading written on this topic.
Import your references into your RefWorks account see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you writ to. Analyze the literature Once you have identified feview located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.
You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or rwview well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the articles into categories e. Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record.
You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article. Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial downloada data base program e.
Access or File Maker Proin an Litwrature spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" liherature of using note cards. Be consistent in how you record notes.
Note key statistics that you litterature want to use in the introduction to essays to write a literature review about review. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. If you copy litwrature exact words from an revie, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote wrjte you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.
The rule I follow is to quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making. Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. Your role as "essays to write a literature review about" reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not esssys mere description essays to write a literature review about different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.
Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish fo assertions the author's opinion and actual research findings derived from empirical evidence. Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make literatuer of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
It needs to reach the logical conclusion that your research is a good idea. Since the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate that the writer is familiar with the important professional literature on the chosen subject, check to make essays to write a literature review about that you have covered all of the important, up-to-date, and pertinent texts. When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. References of references If you can find a few really eessays sources, it can be a good too to check through their reference lists to see the range of sources that they referred to. Discusses further research questions that logically come out of the previous studies. The Library would be the best place to search for your sources.
Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might literafure based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write essays to write a literature review about review. Identify relationships among studies: You may also note that studies fall into different categories categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature.
When you write your review, you should this web page these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework.
Keep essays to write a literature review about review focused on your topic: As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come this web page write up your review.
If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e. Evaluate your literatue for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings.
However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your litrrature list to ensure that it is up to rveiew and has reported the most litefature work. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also aboyt to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five essays to write a literature review about that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.
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Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table.
The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary revuew research results Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.
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The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.
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Consider how you reassemble your notes: A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated bibliography. In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build essays to write a literature review about using the trees you found in the literature you read.
You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline wfite by clicking on the "outline" button.
This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research.
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Plan to describe relevant theories. Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance literafure Plan to summarize periodically essays, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research wfite the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis Read more 7: Writing the review Galvan, Developing a coherent essay Galvan, Aim for a clear and cohesive essays to write a literature review about that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view a literature is not a series of annotated articles.
Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Lkterature transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.
On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Check the flow of your argument for coherence.