Findings section of a research paper
The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key resultswithout interpretation, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials Tables and Figures. The lid was then raised slightly. In this paper, I will findings section of a research paper the issues related to the writing process of a scientific paper. A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research. Be concise, using non-textual elements appropriately, such as figures and tables, to present results more effectively. So instead of simply summarizing your data and click a few obvious follow-up studies, think about presenting your data in a novel way, showing how the work might resolve an existing controversy in the literature or explaining how it connects to an entirely different literature. The results section is not for interpreting the results in any way; that belongs strictly in the discussion section.
In theory, this is the easiest part to write, because it is a straightforward commentary of exactly what you observed and found. Writing a Results Section Too Much Information? The results section is not for interpreting the results in findints way; that belongs strictly in the discussion section. You should aim to narrate your findings without trying to interpret or evaluate them, other than to provide a link to the discussion section.
For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your results.
It is correct to point this out in the results section. Speculating why this correlation is happening, and postulating about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section. It is very easy to put too much information into the results sectlon and obscure your findings underneath reams of irrelevance.
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If you make a table of your findings, you do not need to insert a graph highlighting the same data. If you have a table of results, refer to it in the text, but do not repeat the figures - duplicate information will be penalized.
Kallestinova Graduate Writing Center, Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut To whom all correspondence should be addressed: You may read aloud to yourself, to a tape recorder, or to a colleague or friend. While describing your Methods and Results, many of you diverged from the original outline and re-focused your ideas. By the time readers get to your discussion, they're tired, adds Sackett.
One common o of getting around this is to be less specific in the text. For example, if the result in table one shows Table One shows that almost a quarter of…. Tips for Writing a Results Section Perhaps the best way to use the results section is to show the most relevant information in the graphs, figures and tables. The text, conversely, is used to direct the reader to those, also clarifying any unclear points. The text should also act as a link to the discussion section, highlighting any correlations and findings and leaving plenty of open questions.
For most research paper formatsthere are two ways of presenting and organizing the results. The first method is to present the results and add a short discussion explaining them at the end, before leading into the discussion proper. This is very common where the research paper is straightforward, and provides continuity.
The other way is to present a section and then discuss it, before presenting findinys next section with pf short discussion. This is common in longer papers, and your discussion part of the paper will generally follow the same structure. Be sure to include negative results - writing a results section without them not only invalidate the paper, but it is extremely bad science. The negative results, and how you handle findings section of a research paper, often gives you the makings of a great discussion section, so do not be afraid to highlight them.
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Using an Appendix to Streamline Writing the Results Section If you condense your raw data down, there is no need to include the initial findings in the results, because this will simply confuse the reader. If you are in doubt about how much to include, you can always insert your raw data into the appendix section, allowing others to follow your calculations from wection start.
This is especially useful if you have used many statistical manipulations, so that people can check your calculations and ensure that you have not made any tesearch. In the age of spreadsheets, where the computer program prepares all of the calculations for you, this is becoming less common, although you should specify the program that you used and the version. On that note, it is unnecessary show your working - assume that the reader understands what a Chi Squared test, or a Students t-test is, and can perform it themselves.
Once you have a click at this page and informative results section, you can move onto the discussion section, where you begin to findings section of a research paper findibgs findings.
- Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following:
- Furthermore, cohesion and fluency are crucial in this section.
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